In the 21st century, climate change has become the topic of discussion in almost all environmental seminars and conferences. This is because of the notable changes in the environment that prove that our home is facing challenges.
The pollution from industries is among the number one things that have destroyed the Ozone layer resulting in climate change. Climate change is being portrayed in so many ways, including heatwaves in various parts of the world.
But how does climate change impact water supply?
1) Change in rainfall patterns
Climate change has resulted in unpredictable rainfall patterns. Different from several centuries ago, we cannot tell when the short rains will commence or when the long rains will commence. This has become an enormous challenge, especially for the agricultural sector that relies on water for its success. Some regions today even experience prolonged periods of drought due to lack of rainfall.
2) Drying up of the rivers.
The lack of rains has resulted in the drying up of rivers which are a source of water for many. Moreover, these rivers supply lakes with water, so if the rivers dry up, even the lakes dry up cutting down water supply further.
3) Rise in seawater levels.
As the heat level goes up, the snow in the mountains is slowly being melted. This melted snow joins rivers that then end up in the seas. This then increases the level of seawater. When the seawater level goes up, the coastal regions not only face a risk of submersion, the seawater flows into the freshwater sources. This makes the water unfit for use in either farming or consumption unless treated.
If we do not come up with ways to save our planet and reducing environmental pollution, we might end up lacking water to drink or farm, which might also mean the extinction of the human race – read article on consequences of global climate change.